Element Titanium

Titanium ElementTitanium atom is a titanium group element atom.
Element Titanium is a dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts with atomic number, 22, atomic weight, 47.867 and symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures.
Titanium can be alloyed with iron, aluminium, vanadium, and molybdenum, among other elements, to produce strong, lightweight alloys for aerospace (jet engines, missiles, and spacecraft), military, industrial processes (chemicals and petrochemicals, desalination plants, pulp, and paper), automotive, agriculture (farming), medical prostheses, orthopedic implants, dental and endodontic instruments and files, dental implants, sporting goods, jewelry, mobile phones, and other applications.

Names and Identifiers

Chemical Formula:Ti
Molecular Weight:47.86700 g/mol
EC Number :231-142-3
MDL Number:MFCD00011264
Color:silvery white/ metallic
Other Names:Titane, Titanio, Titan, Titanij
PubChem CID:23963
IUPAC Name:Titanium
Canonical SMILES:[Ti]
ICSC Number:n/a

Physical & Chemical Properties

Density:4.506  g/cm³
Boiling Point:3560 K ​(3287 °C, ​5949 °F)
Melting Point:1941 K ​(1668 °C, ​3034 °F)
Molecular Formula:Ti
Flash Point:0°C
Exact Mass:47.94790
Symbol:Globally Harmonized System of Classification
Signal Word:Danger
Hazard Statements:H250
Precautionary Statements:P222-P231-P422
Hazard Codes:F,Xi
Risk Phrases:R20/21/22
Safety Phrases:S16-S36/37/39-S33-S27-S26-S6
RIDADR:UN 2878 4.1/PG 3
WGK Germany:3
Packaging Group:III
Hazard Class:4.2

Naturally occurring titanium is composed of five stable isotopes: 46Ti, 47Ti, 48Ti, 49Ti, and 50Ti, with 48Ti being the most abundant (73.8% natural abundance).
At least 21 radioisotopes have been characterized, the most stable of which are 44Ti with a half-life of 63 years; 45Ti, 184.8 minutes; 51Ti, 5.76 minutes; and 52Ti, 1.7 minutes.
All other radioactive isotopes have half-lives less than 33 seconds, with the majority less than half a second

Naturally occurring isotopes

IsotopeMass/DaNatural abundance (atom %)Nuclear spin (I)Magnetic moment (μ/μN)
46Ti45.9526294 (14)8.25 (3)0
47Ti46.9517640 (11)7.44 (2)5/2-0.78848
48Ti47.9479473 (11)73.72 (3)0
49Ti48.9478711 (11)5.41 (2)7/2-1.10417
50Ti49.9447921 (12)5.18 (2)0

Radiosotope data

IsotopeMass/DaHalf-lifeMode of decayNuclear spinNuclear magnetic moment
44Ti43.95969067 yEC to 44Sc0
45Ti44.9581243.078 hEC to 45Sc7/20.095
51Ti50.9466165.76 mβ to 51V0
52Ti51.946901.7 mβ to 52V3/2

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