Name: Nickel Oxide
CAS: 1313-99-1
EC Number: 215-215-7
Chemical Formular: NiO
Appearance: green crystalline solid
Molecular Weight: 74.693 g/mol
Melting Point: 1,955 °C (3,551 °F; 2,228 K)
Boiling Point: n/a
Density: 6.67 g/cm3
Solubility in water: negligible
Exact Mass: 73.930256 g/mol
Monoisotopic Mass: 73.930256 g/mol
Topological Polar Surface Area: 17.1 A^2
Complexity: 2

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MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to the UN GHS revision 8

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Nov 11, 2020

Revision Date: Nov 11, 2020

SECTION 1: Identification


1.1

GHS Product identifier

Product name

Nickel Oxide


1.2

Other means of identification

Product number

Other names

Nickel Monoxide Nickel oxide;Nickelous oxide;Nickel oxide


1.3

Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses

CBI,Intermediates,Paint additives and coating additives not described by other categories,Pigments,Plating agents and surface treating agents,Process regulators,Processing aids, not otherwise listed,Processing aids, specific to petroleum production

Uses advised against

no data available


1.4

Supplier’s details

Company

Elements China Limited

Address

Building 2, No.5555, Shenzhuan Hwy, Shanghai , China

Telephone

+86-021-3776-2181

1.5Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number

+86-021-3776-2181

Service hours

Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

SECTION 2: Hazard identification


2.1

Classification of the substance or mixture

Skin sensitization, Category 1

Specific target organ toxicity – repeated exposure, Category 1

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term (Chronic) – Category Chronic 4

Carcinogenicity, Category 1A


2.2

GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)

Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction

H372 Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

H413 May cause long lasting harmful effects to aquatic life

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection/hearing protection/…

P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P264 Wash … thoroughly after handling.

P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P273 Avoid release to the environment.

P203 Obtain, read and follow all safety instructions before use.

Response

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/…

P333+P317 If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical help.

P321 Specific treatment (see … on this label).

P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P319 Get medical help if you feel unwell.

P318 IF exposed or concerned, get medical advice.

Storage

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to an appropriate treatment and disposal facility in accordance with applicable laws and regulations, and product characteristics at time of disposal.


2.3

Other hazards which do not result in classification

no data available

SECTION 3: Composition/information on ingredients


3.1

Substances

Chemical nameCommon names and synonymsCAS numberEC number
Nickel OxideNickel monoxide1313-99-1215-215-7

SECTION 4: First-aid measures


4.1

Description of necessary first-aid measures

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.

Following skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.

Following eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

Following ingestion

Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention .


4.2

Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

SYMPTOMS: Exposure to this compound can result in “nickel itch”, which includes skin sensitization and itching dermatitis. It may cause intestinal disorders. It may also cause irritation to the eyes, skin and upper respiratory tract. It may cause conjunctivitis. Other symptoms include asthma, epiphora and pulmonary fibrosis. Chronic exposure to this compound may result in lung and nasal cancer. It may also cause sinus and laryngeal cancer. ACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS: This chemical is an irritant of the skin, eyes and upper respiratory tract. When heated to decomposition it may emit toxic fumes and metal oxides. (NTP, 1992)


4.3

Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Basic treatment: Establish a patent airway. Suction if necessary. Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist ventilation if necessary. Administer oxygen by nonrebreather mask at 10 t0 15 L/min. Monitor for shock and treat if necessary . Monitor for pulmonary edema and treat if necessary . For eye contamination, flush eyes immediately with water. Irrigate each eye continuously with normal saline during transport . Do not use emetics. For ingestion, rinse mouth and administer 5 ml/kg up to 200 ml of water for dilution if the patient can swallow, has a strong gag reflex, and does not drool . Nickel and related compounds

SECTION 5: Fire-fighting measures


5.1

Suitable extinguishing media

Fires involving this material can be controlled with a dry chemical, carbon dioxide or Halon extinguisher. A water spray may also be used. (NTP, 1992)


5.2

Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Flash point data for this chemical are not available. It is probably combustible. (NTP, 1992)


5.3

Special protective actions for fire-fighters

In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media.

SECTION 6: Accidental release measures


6.1

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.


6.2

Environmental precautions

Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.


6.3

Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

PRECAUTIONS FOR “CARCINOGENS”: A high-efficiency particulate arrestor (HEPA) or charcoal filters can be used to minimize amt of carcinogen in exhausted air ventilated safety cabinets, lab hoods, glove boxes or animal rooms … Filter housing that is designed so that used filters can be transferred into plastic bag without contaminating maintenance staff is avail commercially. Filters should be placed in plastic bags immediately after removal … The plastic bag should be sealed immediately … The sealed bag should be labelled properly … Waste liquids … should be placed or collected in proper containers for disposal. The lid should be secured & the bottles properly labelled. Once filled, bottles should be placed in plastic bag, so that outer surface … is not contaminated … The plastic bag should also be sealed & labelled. … Broken glassware … should be decontaminated by solvent extraction, by chemical destruction, or in specially designed incinerators. Chemical Carcinogens

SECTION 7: Handling and storage


7.1

Precautions for safe handling

Handling in a well ventilated place.
Wear suitable protective clothing.
Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Avoid formation of dust and aerosols.
Use non-sparking tools.
Prevent fire caused by electrostatic discharge steam.


7.2

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Separated from food and feedstuffs.PRECAUTIONS FOR “CARCINOGENS”: Storage site should be as close as practicable to lab in which carcinogens are to be used, so that only small quantities required for … expt need to be carried. Carcinogens should be kept in only one section of cupboard, an explosion-proof refrigerator or freezer (depending on chemicophysical properties …) that bears appropriate label. An inventory … should be kept, showing quantity of carcinogen & date it was acquired … Facilities for dispensing … should be contiguous to storage area. Chemical Carcinogens

SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection


8.1

Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

TLV: (inhalable fraction): 0.1 mg/m3, as TWA; A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen).MAK: sensitization of respiratory tract and skin (SAH); carcinogen category: 1

Biological limit values

no data available


8.2

Appropriate engineering controls

Ensure adequate ventilation.
Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice.
Set up emergency exits and the risk-elimination area.

8.3Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.

Skin protection

Protective gloves. Protective clothing.

Respiratory protection

Use closed system or ventilation (not if powder).

Thermal hazards

no data available

SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties and safety characteristics

Physical state

Solid. Granular.

Colour

Dark grey.

Odour

no data available

Melting point/freezing point

1 955 °C. Remarks:Reference: Hazardous Substances Data Bank.;1 984 °C. Remarks:References: CRC Handbook of chemistry and physics (70 th edition), Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (69 th Edition) and International Chemical Safety Cards.;2 090 °C. Remarks:Reference: Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (69 th Edition).

Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range

no data available

Flammability

Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

Lower and upper explosion limit/flammability limit

no data available

Flash point

no data available

Auto-ignition temperature

> 400 °C. Remarks:The test material has been determined not to have a relative self-ignition temperature below 400°C.

Decomposition temperature

no data available

pH

no data available

Kinematic viscosity

no data available

Solubility

less than 1 mg/mL at 68° F (NTP, 1992)

Partition coefficient n-octanol/water

no data available

Vapour pressure

0 mm Hg at 68° F (NTP, 1992)

Density and/or relative density

6.75. Temperature:21 °C.

Relative vapour density

no data available

Particle characteristics

no data available

SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity


10.1

Reactivity

NIOSH considers nickel metal and other compounds (as Ni) to be a potential occupational carcinogen. Nickel metal and other compounds (as Ni)

Reacts violently with iodine and hydrogen sulfide. This generates fire and explosion hazard.


10.2

Chemical stability

no data available


10.3

Possibility of hazardous reactions

NICKEL OXIDE may be light-sensitive. It should be thermally stable at temperatures up to 644° F. This compound reacts violently with iodine, hydrogen sulfide and (BaO + air). It is incompatible with anilinium perchlorate and hydrogen peroxide. It incandesces in cold fluorine. (NTP, 1992).


10.4

Conditions to avoid

no data available


10.5

Incompatible materials

Reacts violently with iodine, hydrogen sulfide, (barium oxide + air).


10.6

Hazardous decomposition products

Toxic gases and vapors (such as nickel carbonyl) may be released … in the decomp of nickel cmpd. Nickel & sol nickel cmpd

SECTION 11: Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: no data available
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

CLASSIFICATION: A; human carcinogen. BASIS FOR CLASSIFICATION: Human data in which exposure to nickel refinery dust caused lung and nasal tumors in sulfide nickel matte refinery workers in several epidemiologic studies in different countries and on animal data in which carcinomas were produced in rats by inhalation and injection. HUMAN CARCINOGENICITY DATA: Sufficient. Nickel refinery dust

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

The substance may be irritating to the eyes, respiratory tract and skin.

STOT-repeated exposure

Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization. Repeated or prolonged inhalation may cause asthma. The substance may have effects on the lungs and nasal mucous membrane. This substance is carcinogenic to humans if inhaled.

Aspiration hazard

Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed.

SECTION 12: Ecological information


12.1

Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50 – Oncorhynchus mykiss (previous name: Salmo gairdneri) – 15.3 mg/L – 96 h. Remarks:Ni.
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: LC50 – Ceriodaphnia dubia – 276 µg/L – 48 h. Remarks:Hardness=268 mg/L as CaCO3.
  • Toxicity to algae: EC50 – Ankistrodesmus falcatus – 237 µg/L – 72 h.
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: EC50 – activated sludge – 33 mg/L – 30 min. Remarks:Respiration rate.


12.2

Persistence and degradability

no data available


12.3

Bioaccumulative potential

no data available


12.4

Mobility in soil

no data available


12.5

Other adverse effects

no data available

SECTION 13: Disposal considerations


13.1

Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to
a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration
with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs,
feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and
offered for recycling or reconditioning.
Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to
make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of
in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration
with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

SECTION 14: Transport information


14.1

UN Number

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IATA: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)


14.2

UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IATA: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)


14.3

Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IATA: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)


14.4

Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IATA: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)


14.5

Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: NoIMDG: NoIATA: No


14.6

Special precautions for user

no data available


14.7

Transport in bulk according to IMO instruments

no data available

SECTION 15: Regulatory information


15.1

Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical nameCommon names and synonymsCAS numberEC number
Nickel OxideNickel monoxide1313-99-1215-215-7
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS)Listed.
EC InventoryListed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) InventoryListed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015Not Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC)Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances
(PICCS)
Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical InventoryListed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China
IECSC)
Listed.
Korea Existing Chemicals List (KECL)Listed.

SECTION 16: Other information

Information on revision

Creation DateNov 11, 2020
Revision DateNov 11, 2020

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS – The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website:
    http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB – Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC – International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal – The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website:
    http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG – Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website:
    http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website:
    http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA – European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Other Information

Anyone who has shown symptoms of sensitization due to this substance should avoid all further contact with nickel, nickel compounds and other metal compounds of e.g. copper, chromium and cobalt.The symptoms of asthma often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.Isolate contaminated clothing by sealing in a bag or other container.Do NOT take working clothes home.

Any questions regarding this SDS, Please send your inquiry to [email protected]

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and
shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our
knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not
represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any
damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.

Chemical Formular:NiO
PubChem CID:14805
IUPAC Name:oxonickel
Inchl:InChI=1S/Ni.O
InChI Key:GNRSAWUEBMWBQH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Canonical SMILES:O=[Ni]
Pictogram(s):Globally Harmonized System of ClassificationGlobally Harmonized System of Classification
Signal:Danger
GHS Hazard Statements:H317-H350i-H372-H413
Hazard Codes:T
Risk Codes:R49-43-53
Precautionary Statement Codes:P201-P280-P308 + P313
Flash Point:n/a

Green nickel oxide
Ketonickel
Mononickel oxide
Nickel(II) oxide

Nickelous oxide
Oxonickel
Nickel monoxide

NickelNickel is a chemical element with the symbol Ni and atomic number 28.
It is a silvery-white lustrous metal with a slight golden tinge. Nickel belongs to the transition metals and is hard and ductile.
Pure nickel, powdered to maximize the reactive surface area, shows a significant chemical activity, but larger pieces are slow to react with air under standard conditions because an oxide layer forms on the surface and prevents further corrosion (passivation).
Even so, pure native nickel is found in Earth’s crust only in tiny amounts, usually in ultramafic rocks, and in the interiors of larger nickel–iron meteorites that were not exposed to oxygen when outside Earth’s atmosphere.
Nickel is one of four elements (the others are iron, cobalt, and gadolinium) that are ferromagnetic at approximately room temperature. Alnico permanent magnets based partly on nickel are of intermediate strength between iron-based permanent magnets and rare-earth magnets.

OxygenOxygen is the chemical element with the symbol O and atomic number 8, meaning its nucleus has 8 protons.
Oxygen is a member of the chalcogen group on the periodic table, a highly reactive nonmetal, and an oxidizing agent that readily forms oxides with most elements as well as with other compounds.
Dioxygen is used in cellular respiration and many major classes of organic molecules in living organisms contain oxygen, such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and fats, as do the major constituent inorganic compounds of animal shells, teeth, and bone.
Oxygen was isolated by Michael Sendivogius before 1604, but it is commonly believed that the element was discovered independently by Carl Wilhelm Scheele, in Uppsala, in 1773 or earlier, and Joseph Priestley in Wiltshire, in 1774.

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