Name: Mercury Liquid
CAS: 7439-97-6
EC Number: 231-106-7
Chemical Formular: Hg
Appearance: Silver-white liquid
Molecular Weight: 200.59 g/mol
Melting Point: -39 °C
Boiling Point: 356.6 °C
Density: 13.534 g/cm3
Solubility in water: n/a
Exact Mass: mercury
Monoisotopic Mass: InChI=1S/Hg
Topological Polar Surface Area: QSHDDOUJBYECFT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Complexity: [Hg]

Mercury Liquid
99% Mercury Liquid
99.9% Mercury Liquid
99.99% Mercury Liquid
99.999% Mercury Liquid
99.9999% Mercury Liquid
Mercury Liquid,customized specifications
Sep 07, 2020


According to the UN GHS revision 8

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Sep 07, 2020

Revision Date: Sep 07, 2020

SECTION 1: Identification


GHS Product identifier

Product name

Mercury Liquid


Other means of identification

Product number

Other names



Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses

Inorganic substances

Uses advised against

no data available


Supplier’s details


Elements China Limited


Building 2, No.5555, Shenzhuan Hwy, Shanghai , China



1.5Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number


Service hours

Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

SECTION 2: Hazard identification


Classification of the substance or mixture

Acute toxicity – Category 2, Inhalation

Specific target organ toxicity – repeated exposure, Category 1

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, short-term (Acute) – Category Acute 1

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term (Chronic) – Category Chronic 1

Reproductive toxicity, Category 1B


GHS label elements, including precautionary statements


Signal word


Hazard statement(s)

H330 Fatal if inhaled

H372 Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statement(s)

P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P284 [In case of inadequate ventilation] wear respiratory protection.

P264 Wash … thoroughly after handling.

P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P273 Avoid release to the environment.

P203 Obtain, read and follow all safety instructions before use.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection/hearing protection/…


P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P316 Get emergency medical help immediately.

P320 Specific treatment is urgent (see … on this label).

P319 Get medical help if you feel unwell.

P391 Collect spillage.

P318 IF exposed or concerned, get medical advice.


P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

P405 Store locked up.


P501 Dispose of contents/container to an appropriate treatment and disposal facility in accordance with applicable laws and regulations, and product characteristics at time of disposal.


Other hazards which do not result in classification

no data available

SECTION 3: Composition/information on ingredients



Chemical nameCommon names and synonymsCAS numberEC number
Mercury Liquid7439-97-6231-106-7

SECTION 4: First-aid measures


Description of necessary first-aid measures

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.

Following skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention .

Following eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

Following ingestion

Refer for medical attention .


Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

No immediate symptoms. As poisoning becomes established, slight muscular tremor, loss of appetite, nausea, and diarrhea are observed. Psychic, kidney, and cardiovascular disturbances may occur. (USCG, 1999)


Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Basic Treatment: Establish a patent airway. Suction if necessary. Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist ventilations if necessary. Administer oxygen by nonrebreather mask at 10 to 15 L/min. Monitor for pulmonary edema and neat if necessary . Monitor for shock and treat if necessary . Anticipate seizures and treat if necessary . For eye contamination, flush eyes immediately with available water. Irrigate each eye continuously with normal saline during transport . Do not use emetics. For ingestion, rinse mouth and administer 5 ml/kg up to 200 ml of water for dilution if the patient can swallow, has a strong gag reflex, and does not drool. Administer activated charcoal . Mercury and related compounds

SECTION 5: Fire-fighting measures


Suitable extinguishing media

Excerpt from ERG Guide 172 [Gallium and Mercury]: Use extinguishing agent suitable for type of surrounding fire. Do not direct water at the heated metal. (ERG, 2016)


Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Behavior in Fire: Not flammable (USCG, 1999)


Special protective actions for fire-fighters

In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media. In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.

SECTION 6: Accidental release measures


Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable non-metallic containers as far as possible. Do NOT wash away into sewer.


Environmental precautions

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable non-metallic containers as far as possible. Do NOT wash away into sewer.


Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

The following treatment processes have shown possible applicability for spill countermeasures: clarification/sedimentation >99% removal; clarification/ sedimentation with chemical addition: (alum) >62% removal, (alum, polymer) 88% removal, (lime) >96% removal, (BaCl2) 87% removal, and (polymer) 99% removal.

SECTION 7: Handling and storage


Precautions for safe handling

Handling in a well ventilated place.
Wear suitable protective clothing.
Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Avoid formation of dust and aerosols.
Use non-sparking tools.
Prevent fire caused by electrostatic discharge steam.


Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from food and feedstuffs. Well closed.Storage temperature: Ambient; Venting: Open

SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection


Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

TLV: 0.025 mg/m3, as TWA; (skin); A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); BEI issued.EU-OEL: 0,02 mg/m3 as TWA.MAK: (inhalable fraction): 0.02 mg/m3; peak limitation category: II(8); skin absorption (H); sensitization of skin (SH); carcinogen category: 3B; pregnancy risk group: D

Biological limit values

no data available


Appropriate engineering controls

Ensure adequate ventilation.
Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice.
Set up emergency exits and the risk-elimination area.

8.3Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.

Skin protection

Protective gloves. Protective clothing.

Respiratory protection

Use local exhaust or breathing protection.

Thermal hazards

no data available

SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties and safety characteristics

Physical state

Mercury is an odorless, silvery metallic liquid. Insoluble in water. Toxic by ingestion, absorption and inhalation of the fumes. Corrosive to aluminum. Used as a catalyst in instruments, boilers, mirror coatings.


Silver-white, heavy, mobile, liquid metal; solid mercury is tin-white



Melting point/freezing point


Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range



Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

Lower and upper explosion limit/flammability limit

no data available

Flash point

no data available

Auto-ignition temperature

Not flammable (USCG, 1999)

Decomposition temperature

no data available


no data available

Kinematic viscosity

1.55 mPa.sec (15.5 millipoise) at 20 deg C


Insoluble (NIOSH, 2016)

Partition coefficient n-octanol/water


Vapour pressure

<0.01 mm Hg ( 20 °C)

Density and/or relative density


Relative vapour density

7 (vs air)

Particle characteristics

no data available

SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity



Upon heating, toxic fumes are formed. Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic fumes. Reacts violently with ammonia and halogens. This generates fire and explosion hazard. Attacks aluminium and many other metals. This produces amalgams.

Heating mercury vapor produces mercuric oxide, which is highly irritating to mucous membranes and more likely than elemental mercury vapor to adversely affect the lungs.Elemental mercury reacts with most metals.Elemental mercury reacts with many acids.Elemental mercury reacts vigorously with ground mixtures of sodium carbide.Mercury reacts with acetylenic compounds, ammonia, azides, oxygen, oxidants, and halogens.


Chemical stability

Slightly volatile at ordinary temp; when pure, does not tarnish on exposure to air at ordinary temp, but when heated to near boiling point, slowly oxidizes to mercuric oxide (hgo)


Possibility of hazardous reactions

Vapors are heavier than air and will collect and stay in poorly-ventilated or low-lying areas.Hazardous concentrations may develop quickly in enclosed, poorly-ventilated, or low-lying areas.MERCURY forms an explosive acelylide when mixed with acetylene. Can form explosive compounds with ammonia (a residue resulting from such a reaction exploded when an attempt was made to clean it off a steel rod [Chem. Eng. News 25:2138. 1947]. Chlorine dioxide (also other oxidants, such as: chlorine, bromine, nitric acid, performic acid), and mercury explode when mixed [Mellor 2, Supp. 1:381. 1956]. Methyl azide in the presence of mercury is potentially explosive [Can. J. Chem. 41:1048. 1963]. Ground mixtures of sodium carbide and mercury can react vigorously [Mellor 5:848. 1946-47]. Ammonia forms explosive compounds with gold, mercury, or silver. (Eggeman, Tim. “Ammonia”. Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2001.).


Conditions to avoid

no data available


Incompatible materials

Ground mixtures of sodium carbide and mercury, aluminum, lead, or iron can react vigorously.


Hazardous decomposition products

Dangerous when heated, it emits highly toxic fumes.

SECTION 11: Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: no data available
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available


EPA: Elemental mercury – Not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity. There is inadequate or no human and animal evidence of carcinogenicity. Methyl mercury & mercuric chloride – Possible hum. IARC: Metallic & inorganic mercury – Not classifiable as to carcinogenicity to humans; Methyl mercury – Possibly carcinogenic to humans. NTP: Not evaluated

Reproductive toxicity

Elemental mercury Studies on the reproductive and developmental effects of elemental mercury in humans have shown mixed results. One study did not see an association between mercury exposure and miscarriages, while another revealed an increase in the rate of spontaneous abortions. Another study showed a higher than expected frequency of birth defects, which was not confirmed in a fourth study. (1,) Inorganic Mercury No information is available on the reproductive or developmental effects of inorganic mercury in humans. Animal studies have reported effects including alterations in testicular tissue, increased resorption rates, and abnormalities of development. (1,,) Methyl mercury A large number of human studies on the systemic effects of methyl mercury have been carried out. This is the result of two large scale poisoning incidents in Japan and Iraq and several epidemiologic studies investigating populations that consume large quantities of fish. (1,2) Oral exposure to methyl mercury has been observed to produce significant developmental effects in humans. Infants born to women who ingested high concentrations of methyl mercury exhibited CNS effects, such as mental retardation, ataxia, deafness, constriction of the visual field, blindness, and cerebral palsy. At lower methyl mercury concentrations, developmental delays and abnormal reflexes were noted. (1,,) Considerable new data on the health effects of methyl mercury are becoming available. Large studies of fish and marine mammal consuming populations in Seychelles and Faroe Islands are being carried out. Smaller scale studies also describe effects around the U.S. Great Lakes. (1,)

STOT-single exposure

The substance is irritating to the skin. Inhalation of the vapour may cause pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system and kidneys. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

STOT-repeated exposure

The substance may have effects on the central nervous system and kidneys. This may result in irritability, emotional instability, tremors, mental and memory disturbances and speech disorders. May cause inflammation and discoloration of gums. Cumulative effects are possible. Animal tests show that this substance possibly causes toxic effects upon human reproduction.

Aspiration hazard

A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

SECTION 12: Ecological information



  • Toxicity to fish: no data available
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available


Persistence and degradability

Methylmercury is formed naturally in aquatic and terrestrial environments from elemental mercury. … methylation is likely to occur in upper sedimentary layers of sea or lake bottoms.


Bioaccumulative potential

Upon entering an aqueous system, virtually any mercurial cmpd may be microbially converted to methylmercury. Mercurial cmpd


Mobility in soil

no data available


Other adverse effects

no data available

SECTION 13: Disposal considerations


Disposal methods


The material can be disposed of by removal to
a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration
with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs,
feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and
offered for recycling or reconditioning.
Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to
make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of
in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration
with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

SECTION 14: Transport information


UN Number

ADR/RID: UN2809 (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: UN2809 (For reference only, please check.)IATA: UN2809 (For reference only, please check.)


UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: MERCURY (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: MERCURY (For reference only, please check.)IATA: MERCURY (For reference only, please check.)


Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 8 (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: 8 (For reference only, please check.)IATA: 8 (For reference only, please check.)


Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: III (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: III (For reference only, please check.)IATA: III (For reference only, please check.)


Environmental hazards



Special precautions for user

no data available


Transport in bulk according to IMO instruments

no data available

SECTION 15: Regulatory information


Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical nameCommon names and synonymsCAS numberEC number
Mercury Liquid7439-97-6231-106-7
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS)Listed.
EC InventoryListed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) InventoryListed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC)Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances
Vietnam National Chemical InventoryListed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China
Korea Existing Chemicals List (KECL)Listed.

SECTION 16: Other information

Information on revision

Creation DateSep 07, 2020
Revision DateSep 07, 2020

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%


  • IPCS – The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website:
  • HSDB – Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website:
  • IARC – International Agency for Research on Cancer, website:
  • eChemPortal – The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website:
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website:
  • ChemIDplus, website:
  • ERG – Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website:
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website:
  • ECHA – European Chemicals Agency, website:

Other Information

Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.There is no odour warning even when toxic concentrations are present.Do NOT take working clothes home.

Any questions regarding this SDS, Please send your inquiry to [email protected]

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and
shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our
knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not
represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any
damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.

Chemical Formular:Hg
PubChem CID:23931
IUPAC Name:mercury
Canonical SMILES:[Hg]
Globally Harmonized System of Classification
Globally Harmonized System of Classification
GHS Hazard Statements:H330-H360-H372
Hazard Codes:T+,Xn
Risk Codes:R61-26-48/23-50/53
Precautionary Statement Codes:P260-P284-P304+P340-P320-P405-P501a
Flash Point:n/a

Red Mercury
Quadruple Distilled Virgin Mercury
Ultra High Purity Prime Virgin Mercury
triple distilled
redistilled mercury

MercuryMercury is an element with atomic symbol Hg, atomic number 80, and atomic weight 200.59; a heavy, silvery-white metal, liquid at room temperature, a rather poor conductor of heat and a fair conductor of electricity.
It is commonly known as quicksilver and was formerly named hydrargyrum.
Mercury is a nonessential trace metal that is a well known toxin, second only to lead as a cause of heavy metal poisoning.
Mercury is used in many areas of manufacturing and is present in dental and medical equipment. Because of the toxicity of acute and chronic exposure to metallic mercury, this metal is now used less and less in industry and attempts are made to remove it from household and medical equipment and appliances.

Fiber drums, steel drums, and bulk bags

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